Diabetes is a disease condition where blood glucose levels are persistently above the normal level and generally diagnosed by a doctor using an individual’s medical history, clinical findings and certain laboratory tests.
Diabetes is primarily of 2 types – type 1 and type 2. Before describing each of this type let me share a snapshot about of the normal physiology of humans, which might serve as a good appetizer before the main dish. In our abdomen we have an organ named pancreas, which is responsible for production of hormones like insulin, glucagon, somatostatin etc. Insulin, primarily decrease the blood glucose level to keep the blood glucose level optimum and glucagon does the opposite, raises the blood glucose level and normally there is a harmony between their actions.