HbA1c testing is not frequently done in many patients in developing nations. The full form of HbA1c is Glycated hemoglobin. Many don’t know about the test, and of those who know big number of them don’t understand why the test is required. This test gives a picture of your blood sugar levels over the previous 3 months.
While measuring fasting sugar levels many people eat less before doing the test, hence they might be able to get a blood glucose level at normal or lower level. Such normal report can give the individual a false sense of good blood glucose control. Therefore, a picture of overall blood sugar level control over the previous 3 months might be helpful to know in real if a the person had a good control on his or her blood glucose. Here probably comes the role of HbA1c, never lets one get a false image of diabetes control.
Below are the normal values of the test:
An HbA1c of 5.6% or less is normal.
The following are the results when the HbA1c is being used to diagnose diabetes:
Normal: Less than 5.7%
Pre-diabetes: 5.7% to 6.4%
Diabetes: 6.5% or higher
If you have diabetes, you and your doctor or nurse will discuss the correct range for you. For many people the goal is to keep your level at or below 6.5 – 7%.