Tips for IELTS writing task – 1(academic)

Writing task 1 in academic version includes describing one or more diagrams (like chart, line diagram etc.). 

Following are tips what the author found effective and thought sharing will be of worth:

Before starting writing:

  1. Read the instructions carefully.
  2. spend some time looking at the graph
  3. try to mark the similarities and dissimilarities. Use a symbol to mark them. For similar things you may name the S1,S2,S3 etc and for dissimilarities you may mark them D1,D2,D3 etc. This was how a teacher suggested me. You may use your own way, or may not do any marking if you don’t find the method convenient.

How to write a good introduction:

  1. Simply write what is given to you, in your own words, like ‘the bar chart compares the rate of smoking in British females in the year 1982 and 1983’
  2. Mention any trend or pattern which you observe. Like ‘sells of cigarette increased during the entire period’.
  3. Mention the source of the graph or chart, if mentioned, like ‘the graph is taken from Atlas of dynamics, 1993’
  4. Mention the units of the graph like ‘the data in the graph is given in per 100,000’
  5. Except in cases where you really have to assume what the value will be, for example in a line graph where you are plotting a location on y axis where no clear value is mentioned and you are assuming it, mention words like ‘about’, ‘almost’, ‘close to’, ‘near about’, ‘approximately’ before the data.
  6. In the above case, its wise if you prefer to use a ruler to locate the exact point you are willing to plot on the graph.
  7. Time is essential, so carry a watch with you.
  8. Now there are some materials on the web which suggest to write a summery line type statement in the last line of introduction, regarding which my guide suggested me that it’s not a wise thing to do. That means it might not be good say in introduction that- ‘the overall sell of the products increased during the entire period’.
  9. So in one line- in introduction, just introduce your reader to the graph or chart by stating what its, from where you got it and what it is about.

Now let us move on to the body part of the task 1:

  1. Here you can make two paragraphs- first for for writing a report and second for comparison. If you find that the graph or chart don’t have much to compare, one para might be enough.
  2. In the report para, you describe the graph over all in summery. For example, if you are dealing with a line graph about sell of 3 products is UK between 2000 and 2005. You may write something how was the sale of those in 2000 and how they changed over the remaining period of time.
  3. In the comparison para you may compare, i.e. state about the SIGNIFICANT similarities and differences. Due to time constraints you may not be able to mention every point.


State your analysis about the diagram. Mention the trend too.

Read in IELTS Section:

The writing above is a clip of an individualized experience of the author of this article and has no relation with any official IELTS exam or its bodies. Please cross check issues that concern you from various competent authorities dealing with IELTS. This blog should not be used as a tool to prepare for any exam or test.