Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes:

  1. This disease primarily occur in adults and elderly persons with family history of type 2 diabetes. The condition also associated obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high calorie sugary and fatty diet, lack of exercise etc.
  2. In contrast to type 1 this variant is not necessarily due to a deficiency (although a decreased secretion from pancreas might be present) rather due to insulin resistance. Exact causes are yet to be discovered.
  3. This type is primarily treated with dietary modification and exercises sometimes along with antidiabetic medications. When these therapies fail an insulin therapy is generally planned.
  4. An emergency condition of type 2 also exists called hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma (not going in details of it here).

Type 1 is discussed earlier: link- http://wp.me/p2M3Ai-4xf

Another type of diabetes exists called gestational diabetes which is a diabetes that occurs during pregnancy months and needs monitoring by a doctor to avoid complications of high sugar to the mother and the baby. Even after pregnancy staying vigilant might be wise since persons with a diagnosis of gestational diabetes are prone to get type 2 diabetes later in life.

Besides the above another term rather than type of diabetes exists called prediabetes which was discussed in my previous post (Link-Prediabetes ).

Lastly we will talk about a new type of diabetes introduced in the recent decades known as LADA (Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults) which is actually a type of type 1 diabetes but diagnosed in adults and sometimes confused as type 2 diabetes.