Type 2 diabetes:
- This disease primarily occur in adults and elderly persons with family history of type 2 diabetes. The condition also associated obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high calorie sugary and fatty diet, lack of exercise etc.
- In contrast to type 1 this variant is not necessarily due to a deficiency (although a decreased secretion from pancreas might be present) rather due to insulin resistance. Exact causes are yet to be discovered.
- This type is primarily treated with dietary modification and exercises sometimes along with antidiabetic medications. When these therapies fail an insulin therapy is generally planned.
- An emergency condition of type 2 also exists called hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma (not going in details of it here).
Type 1 is discussed earlier: link- http://wp.me/p2M3Ai-4xf
Another type of diabetes exists called gestational diabetes which is a diabetes that occurs during pregnancy months and needs monitoring by a doctor to avoid complications of high sugar to the mother and the baby. Even after pregnancy staying vigilant might be wise since persons with a diagnosis of gestational diabetes are prone to get type 2 diabetes later in life.
Besides the above another term rather than type of diabetes exists called prediabetes which was discussed in my previous post (Link-Prediabetes ).
Lastly we will talk about a new type of diabetes introduced in the recent decades known as LADA (Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults) which is actually a type of type 1 diabetes but diagnosed in adults and sometimes confused as type 2 diabetes.