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  • Sumanta 11:08 AM on April 21, 2018 Permalink |
    Tags: cholera, , enteric, enteropathy, spure, tropical,   

    Intestinal differences among developing and developed countries 

    People in developed nations generally have low diarrheal episodes due to fecal contamination than those of poorer nations due clean water and better sanitation.

    Interestingly this causes repeated attacks by enteric pathogens (microorganisms that commonly cause gut infection) related to faecal contamination in those living in countries vulnerable to poorer sanitation and hygiene. Such repeated infection changes the lining of the gut and leads to malabsorption related problem often known as tropical enteropathy. This condition causes alteration of immune system compromising with the functioning of oral vaccines’ and might cause oral vaccine failure (like cholera vaccine or rotavirus vaccine).

    Till date, not much is available to deal with tropical sprue, although improving sanitary situations might be a good option to prevent the problem happening in future.



    1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5396246/
    2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3372657/
    3. http://www.gastro.org/news_items/tropical-enteropathy-normal-for-the-tropics-or-a-disease-of-poverty
  • Sumanta 10:45 AM on February 11, 2018 Permalink |
    Tags: , genu, hyperextension, , recurvatum   

    Is your knee deviated backward while standing erect? 


    Some people have knee joint deviated backwards when seen from the sides while the individual stands on their legs fully extended (i.e. when standing straight with full bodyweight on the feet). This condition is known as Genu recurvatum.

    The severity of this illness can vary although depending upon the angulation. It’s more common with females. It may be related to loose ligaments around the knee joint that might have been acquired by birth genetically, cerebral palsy etc.

    This condition might lead to knee pain, a decreased ability to walk or run, osteoarthritis etc. Strengthening of quadriceps muscles of the thigh is said to be helpful to retain the joints stability and decrease pain.

    However, depending on severity bracing or surgical intervention might also be needed.

    P.S.- This blog is not a professional medical guide for any purpose and contents in this blog have errors. For all your health concerns please be guided by a healthcare professional and/or other reliable resources.

  • Sumanta 11:54 AM on February 7, 2018 Permalink |
    Tags: canal, capping, Dental, gutta, guttapercha, , root,   

    Pain after root canal 


    Dental pain can happen after the final capping of a root canal treatment. During the initial days it may be because of the wear and tear your teeth might have undergone during the process of capping and the overall treatment. Such pain should generally be alleviated by warm saline water gurgles and mild painkillers, unless otherwise complicated. If pain persists or is perceived to be out of proportion a visit to a dentist is possibly the best thing to do.

    One common problem that might be causing the pain is some elevated part of the newly fitted cap hitting the teeth in the other jaw. Generally, this is taken care in a rather straightforward way. The dentists’ commonly take a quick impression to detect any uneven or elevated part and then correct it by levelling.

    However, other problems like infection, abscess, mobile or fractured teeth root etc. can also cause pain following a root canal capping. In a worst case if the teeth can’t be survived it might lead to extraction of the affected tooth.

  • Sumanta 3:38 PM on January 17, 2018 Permalink |
    Tags: 737, airplane, boeing   

    Congratulation to all passengers and crew of Boeing 737 

  • Sumanta 7:34 AM on January 13, 2018 Permalink |
    Tags: , complication, , episiotomy, incision,   

    Is episiotomy scary? 


    Episiotomy is an incision or cut given at the opening of the vagina to allow more space for the baby to come out. This is generally done by an obstetrician while delivering a baby during vaginal delivery. Since the baby is delivered through abdominal route in case of a cesarean section, episiotomy is not needed for this type of delivery.

    Although this is still practised widely in many developing countries this not a scientifically  100% recommended procedure and the opinions vary among healthcare practitioners. Recent medical literature has a negative tone to continue this surgery as a regular practice for all vaginal deliveries.

    Generally, two types of incisions can be given one posteriorly in the midline towards the anus and the other mediolaterally. In developing world posterolateral is commonly seen. Posterolateral incisions are less likely to extend to the anus.

    This is a surgical incision and not necessarily free of complications. complications like pain, infection, dyspareunia (pain during intercourse) etc can be its short or long-term adversities. Such complications depend further on the practitioner’s experience. Unfortunately, a woman’s vulnerability to complications will probably rise if done by trainee professionals without enough experience.

    This author witnessed the use of this surgery on almost all normal deliveries in certain parts of the developing world and condemn such practice. One possible explanation may be that some healthcare providers would choose this surgery to hasten the delivery. Another explanation may be they learn to do vaginal delivery by means of episiotomy only and they continue to practice it and propagate the same to their successors.

    P.S.- This blog is not for professional medical advises of any sort. The information herein may not be error-free. For all your health concerns please visit your health care provider.
  • Sumanta 8:36 PM on January 10, 2018 Permalink |
    Tags: command, grab, ,   

    How to take a ​screenshot in mac? 



    2 easy ways of taking a screenshot in mac are as following:

    1. press command+shift+#
      •  your screenshot will be available on the desktop
    2. among the app’s list search for the app call grab (alternatively in the spotlight search–> type grab.app)
      • open the grab app
      • then type command+3 for the whole screen
      • or type command+4 for selecting any portion of the screen
      • once the desired screen in captured save it to your desired location in finder, quite self-explanatory I suppose
  • Sumanta 4:12 PM on January 10, 2018 Permalink |
    Tags: 72, , , hours, intercourse, , , pills, progesterone,   

    Should emergency contraceptive pills be used​ regularly? 



    Emergency contraceptive pills are used to avoid unplanned pregnancy that might happen after unprotected sexual intercourse. Generally earlier the pills are taken its said to be best and generally, they are said to be of worth when using up to 72 hours of the intercourse, however, it might depend on the composition of the medicine, the manufacturer etc.

    Medication dosages in emergency contraceptive pills are generally quite larger than regular contraceptive pills. One of the popular types of emergency contraceptive pills is those purely progesterone based. Progesterone is a type of hormone which is normally produced in females.

    Therefore, regular frequent use of the emergency contraceptive pills is not appropriate. It increases chances of adverse effects. Many people feel that emergency contraceptive pills are a good solution for casual intercourse and undermine the need for the appropriate regular use of contraceptives. Such practice can be detrimental to those females who might plan to use emergency contraceptive pills causally.

    P.S.- This blog is not for professional medical advises of any sort. The information herein may not be error-free. For all your health concerns please visit your health care provider.
  • Sumanta 3:20 PM on January 6, 2018 Permalink |
    Tags: adobe, change, default, foxit, , , , Reader   

    How to change your default pdf browser in mac? 


    pexels-photo-209137.jpegAs a Mac user one might find the need to use various pdf readers like Foxit, Adobe and preview. I use all three, depending on my purpose. And we all generally have a favourite pdf reader in which we want our pdf files to open by default. My preferred one is Foxit.

    So how to change from preview to Foxit or Adobe or vice versa? (More …)

  • Sumanta 8:21 AM on December 31, 2017 Permalink |
    Tags: 2018, happy, New, Year   

    Best wishes for​ new year, 2018 


    Dear readers of this blog,

    Wish you a very happy and prosperous new year 2018. Hope you will find this blog entertaining as before in 2018 too. Wish you all have a very good time with your loved ones. HaPPY NeW YEaR!!




  • Sumanta 1:44 PM on December 27, 2017 Permalink |
    Tags: apple, DDR3, , , SSD   

    SSD versus DDR3 



    If you are planning to buy a new laptop, you may wonder which of the following specification is better SSD or DDR3. This author will vote for SSD and some of the decision-making tools are s below.

    First of all, what do SSD and DDR stand for? SSD stands for solid state drive and DDR is the abbreviation of the double data rate. In DDR3 the numeric 3 is the version identity of DDR, it came after DDR2. DDR is a type of dynamic random access memory (DRAM).

    SSD is a faster processor than RAM. Unlike hard disk drives, SSD doesn’t require defragmentation, something many old windows users are quite familiar with. SSD consumes less power and almost nil heat.

    Speed and other flexibilities make SSD of choice for many.


  • Sumanta 10:11 AM on December 19, 2017 Permalink |
    Tags: Car, Flying   

    Flying car 

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