Category Archives: Health

France bans extremely thin models – BBC News

A law in France banning the use of unhealthily thin fashion models has come into effect.Models will need to provide a doctor’s certificate attesting to their overall physical health, with special regard to their body mass index (BMI) – a measure of weight in relation to height.The health ministry says the aim is to fight eating disorders and inaccessible ideals of beauty.Digitally altered photos will also have to be labelled from 1 October.Images where a model’s appearance has been manipulated will need to be marked photographie retouchée (English: retouched photograph).ADVERTISEMENTA previous version of the bill had suggested a minimum BMI for models, prompting protests from modelling agencies in France.

Source: France bans extremely thin models – BBC News

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Why cesarean sections are rising in private practice in India?

In the recent time, particularly in private practice the toll of cesarean sections are quite high in various parts of India. This author tried to speculate why cesarean sections are rising in India and here are the understandings of this author (which are also enriched by some real life experiences).

First question is whom to blame for this rising trend of C- sections in the private practice, the doctors or the patients. The answer might seem like to both, but I feel doctors. Why? Some people might cite that the ladies today are too softie and want everything smoothly with out undergoing the labor pain. But I feel that it’s not wrong for a woman to avoid pain of all sort in life and even labor pain. Besides alleviating pain, since family sizes are shrinking these days and becoming restricted to 1 to 2 children a vaginal delivery might be perceived as risky health practice by some pregnant mothers and their families, who feel cesarean can be a safe alternative to achieve a complication free birth. Continue reading Why cesarean sections are rising in private practice in India?

Does exposure to cold causes common cold?

Many a times, we find that if we don’t take proper protection from cold, we might catch a flu and have runny nose and fever for about a week. That means we can get a viral due to cold sometimes.

“Getting exposure to cold means getting a cold” – is not the rule, if it was so then 99% of the inhabitants of the cold weather nations should have got flu 24*7 and 365 days. However, that don’t happen. Cold weather don’t necessarily mean you will get a ‘common cold’, a dirty viral illness which can spoil your new year celebrations.

Then how is cold associated with common cold. You can get cold, no matter you live in warm or cold climate. When your body is not protected properly from the harshness of severe weather or when you are exposed to situations above your tolerance duration like a bath in ice cool water for more time than you can really tolerate or staying in wet cloth for long hours, allowing your body heat to evaporate fast. Such cold exposures which don’t help to maintain you core body temperature, disturbs the way your immune system defend your body from common cold. So the temporary weakening or malfunction of immune system due to decreased body temperature will fail to protect the body from viruses that can cause common cold. Hence it is true that sometimes cold can give you a common cold.

Hope you don’t get a single episode of common cold this year.

Chronic kidney disease and protein diet

wpid-wp-1412484257914.jpegGenerally in advanced cases of kidney failure, protein diet restriction is advised.

Why?

The protein products like meat and fish, which we eat get degraded in our body and these degraded metabolites act as toxins, since the chronically ill kidneys can’t flush them out of the body. Healthy kidneys would be successfully removing such toxins.

When  these metabolites of protein accumulate they can aggravate the nitrogenous compound load on kidney and worsen the feeling of nausea, vomiting and other uremic symptoms. Furthermore, they can damage the kidney by increasing its filtration and more proteins might drain out of the body. It’s bit complex to understand properly.

Is there any negative consequence of protein restricted diet?

Yes. As protein is an essential component of our health since our muscles and various other organs are made of protein, lack of protein can cause an under-nourished health condition (referred as protein energy malnutrition). Therefore, total or absolute protein restriction is also not desirable.

How much protein should you consume if you have a chronic kidney disease?

Ask your health care provider how much protein should you consume. Based on individual person’s health status the requirement might vary from person to person.

Pericarditis after myocardial infarction (heart attack)

Pericarditis is inflammation that occur in the heart wall known as pericardium.

Normally pericarditis is treated with NSAIDS (non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs like ibuprofen).

However in case of pericarditis developing after a myocardial infarction (heart attack) NSAIDS are not used for treatment as there may be risk of aneurysm formation and rupture of heart muscle, during the initial phase of recovery after a myocardial infarction.

Henceforth, opiate based drugs may be used to treat pericarditis developing after myocardial infarction.

Pericarditis that develop following a myocardial infarction generally tend to occur after 1 or 2 days after the latter. Patients with possible pericarditis might complain of chest pain that increases in certain body positions and/or on inspiration.

When can you start regular physical activity after a heart attack?

Heart attack is one of the worst health nightmare you can imagine of. Not all heart attacks are same and severity of it varies from patient to patient. Most people after surviving a heart attack and following their discharge from hospital are haunted by the question when can they return to their daily normal active life.

Well as discussed above the time may vary depending upon the severity of the heart attack. Generally the oxygen deprived wall of heart takes about 4-6 weeks to  get healed by means of fibrosis. Therfore, one should take rest for this period in minimum following which he or she can gradually return to active life. Sexual life can also be resumed then.

Before wrapping up this discussion I must say that it’s wise to get guided by your doctor because of the above mentioned reason that not every heart attack is of the same type and severity. Different people have different health problems, henceforth such prescriptions are also different.

Take care of your little beating heart ♥ !

Polio vaccine: oral or injection – by which route should it be given to the children?

Oral polio drops are most popular for its use in various immunization camps organized by various health organizations around the world, particularly in 3rd world nations. However, where economic constraints are not an issue polio vaccine injections are also used.

The oral vaccine rarely causes vaccine associated paralytic polio, in view of which certain developed nations are not using oral polio vaccine anymore, instead using injectable polio vaccine.

Another reason why some nations less prefer the oral polio vaccine is because of the risk of spreading of wild live polio viruses. Oral polio vaccine contains live polio viruses, whereas injectable ones contain killed dead polio viruses.

In certain developing nations where injectable polio vaccine is given, advise is also given to get the oral vaccine too, as part of various polio irradication initiatives that are taken by various health organizations.