Mitral regurgitation treatment

Pillars of mitral regurgitation treatment-

[ ] First see if patient is symptomatic.

[ ] In symptomatic mitral regurgitation patients perform echocardiography to check left ventricle function (which is assessed by ejection fraction and left ventricle end systolic diameter)

[ ] Normal ventricular function is indicated by ejection fraction more than 60% or diameter of left ventricle less than 40 mm.

[ ] Ejection fraction of 60% or less or left ventricle diameter 40 mm or more indicate left ventricle dysfunction.

[ ] Patients with mitral regurgitation who are symptomatic and/or have deranged left ventricle function are treated with surgery.

[ ] Surgery is done by means of repairing the valve or replacing the valve.