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  • Sumanta 7:47 AM on August 25, 2015 Permalink |
    Tags: Cancer, Cannabis,   

    Cannabis kills cancer cells 

    God or mother nature probably created everything on earth for a good reason to continue the flow of life. Unfortunately we humans are always the main culprits to make wrong use of things that we got from mother nature. The plant cannabis had always been used by man as a substance abuse drug and so many crimes have taken place in relation to its abuse and farming.

    Now at the dawn of 21st century we are getting the clues about the good side of these substance abusing agents. Already opium’s goodness is established in decreasing pain in terminally ill cancer patients etc. Recently US government confirmed that cannabinoid a component of  cannabis can kill cancer cells in mice and rats, however there effectiveness on human cancer cells are yet to be proven. Nevertheless, this doesn’t mean cancer patients should start taking cannabis. You need to wait with time until some definite info in this regard becomes available.

    Read an excerpt:

    The US government has confirmed that cannabis can kill cancer cells after the drug did so in tests on mice and rats, according to the National Cancer Institute.

    The development will provide further ammunition for pro-legalisation campaigners.

    On its website The National Cancer Institute, part of the US department of health, said: “Laboratory and animal studies have shown that cannabinoids (the active ingredient in cannabis) may be able to kill cancer cells while protecting normal cells.

    “They may inhibit tumour growth by causing cell death, blocking cell growth, and blocking the development of blood vessels needed by tumours to grow.”

    The studies in rodents show that cannabinoids may reduce the risk of colon, liver and breast cancer, and could make chemotherapy more effective.

    But researchers added: “At this time, there is not enough evidence to recommend that patients inhale or ingest cannabis as a treatment for cancer-related symptoms or side effects of cancer therapy.”

    In many US states where cannabis is already legal for medicinal use, cancer patients have long been using the drug to ease pain.

    The Cancer Research charity reacted cautiously, saying there was no evidence of a similar effect in humans.

    via US government says cannabis kills cancer cells – Telegraph.

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  • Sumanta 7:24 AM on August 23, 2015 Permalink |
    Tags: , breastcancer, Cancer, , mammogram, tripleassessment   

    Breast cancer – causes, tests and treatment 

    According to a 2008 report breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer in females and caused more than four hundred thousand deaths of women around the world in 2008 (link).

    Although in developed nations there are standard protocols followed to detect breast cancer early but the scenario in developing nations is quite different and many cases are diagnosed at much late state and makes saving life difficult. Breast cancer can occur in both male and female since both have breasts, but much more common in females.

    What are the causes of breast cancer?

    Till date probably no single answer is available, following are proposed genetics, family history, cigarette smoking, alcohol, certain meat products etc.

    In terms of genes responsible for breast cancer two are commonly heard in news and internet and presently a topic of discussion in courts of certain nations in patent issue i.e. BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene. Presence of BRCA genes are not definitive for breast cancer diagnosis but may help suspect significantly in women with family history of breast cancer.

    Next is how does breast cancer present? Well not always a symptom or a mass in breast can be felt, but some can feel certain lumps in breast. Certain breast cancers can cause breast skin dimpling. In past self breast examination was much talked about but in recent days it’s not a reliable method since not always a mass is palpable by hands and even a doctor can miss it. Hence in developed nations an X-ray of breast called mammogram is recommended for all women after the fourth decade of life. Although a cancer can be present before fourth decade of life but mammograms are unable to pick up such cancers at young ages since breast tissue is too dense at that age.

    English: Mammography in process: Shown is a dr...
    Mammogram process

    If mammogram shows any breast cancer hint then a pathologic examination (cytology or biopsy) might follow as a next step. There is a term called triple assessment – which includes clinical assessment, imaging assessment (mammogram or ultrasound) and pathologic assessment (cytology or biopsy). These tests are done as part of screening exam for breast cancer.

    If a breast cancer is diagnosed the doctor will decide the stage of the cancer and might recommend surgery or radiation or chemotherapy depending upon the stage and spread. Axillary lymph nodes in axilla are common sites where breast cancer metastasis (i.e. spread). Although it can spread to various body parts like vertebra, brain etc.

    Certain breast cancers are called estrogen receptor positive (since estrogen receptors are found in this cancers), they are treated with a drug called tamoxifen. Another drug you may have heard of which is called trastuzumab, is used for breast cancers that express a protein called HER2 protein.

    English: A series of six illustrations showing...
    English: A series of six illustrations showing how to do breast self examination (BSE)

    Please cross check information from other sources too. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. References- 1,2

     
  • Sumanta 8:33 AM on March 7, 2015 Permalink |
    Tags: , Cancer, ,   

    How can you know if you have breast cancer? 

    A lump or mass in breast generally warns a person to visit the doctor’s office for an evaluation of breast cancer. However, not always a symptom occur or a mass in breast is felt. Certain breast cancers can cause breast skin dimpling.

    In past self breast examination was much talked about but in recent days it’s not thought as a reliable method anymore. Hence a X-ray of the breast called ‘mammogram’ is done when breast cancer is suspected or as a part of screening. Mammograms are generally unable to pick up  breast cancers that occur at young age, since breast tissue is too dense in young females.
    (More …)

     
  • Sumanta 7:39 PM on March 4, 2014 Permalink |
    Tags: Cancer, , , , Scurvy, ,   

    Vitamin C in cancer cure 

    tomatoVitamin C is a water soluble vitamin referred as ascorbic acid in the scientific world. Our body can’t store this vitamin, since it gets excreted via urine. Therefore, a continuous intake of this vitamin is required.

    Why this vitamin is important for our health? It helps our skin capillaries to remain intact and prevent bleeding and also helps in wound healing.

    What happens if we lack this vitamin? A well known disease called scurvy occurs when one lacks it in his or her body. Scurvy is characterized by gum bleeding.

    From what sources can we get this vitamin? Obviously from a bunch of plant sources like grapes, guava, lemon, orange, tomato, garlic etc. Well commercial preparations of this vitamin are also available in stores, but that might not be a wise way to take it since you are possibly going to miss the fiber rich pulp of the plant products, when you are taking the vitamin extract. Read somewhere that in old times sailors used to carry lemons with them when they went for long voyages to avoid vitamin C deficiency.

    Does vitamin C prevent Cancer? (More …)

     
  • Sumanta 7:56 AM on February 7, 2014 Permalink |
    Tags: Cancer, , , Leukemia, Overhead, ,   

    Does staying near overhead power lines cause leukemia in children? 

    Leukemia is a cancer of blood and bone marrow. Its rather a broad term, in the sense that it can include various sort of cancers originating from blood cells and marrow cells. Generally, children with this disease respond better than adult, to treatment. Various causes are doubted including genes to radiation exposure. One interesting thing which is doubted as a cause of leukemia in children is overhead power lines.

    Does leukemia occur to children who stay near over head power lines? The answer according to recent findings is probably no. It may had been true in 1960s or 70s but not any more.

    Read an excerpt:

    Data on 16,500 children who developed leukaemia in Britain between 1962 and 2008 was analysed.

    The paper found no increased leukaemia risk for those living near power lines from the 1980s onwards – but a higher risk did exist in the 1960s and 70s.

    The researchers said the findings were “reassuring” but work was being done to understand the historical patterns.

    Leukaemia accounts for around a third of all cancers diagnosed in children.

    Around 460 new cases of leukaemia are diagnosed in children under the age of 15 each year in Britain.

    via BBC News – Power lines: No child leukaemia risk.

    For all your health concerns please be guided by your health care provider and not this blog. Cross check information here from other sources too.
     
  • Sumanta 8:50 AM on February 1, 2014 Permalink |
    Tags: Cancer, , Indoor, , , Tanning, Ultraviolet   

    Indoor tanning and cancer risk 

    Today we will talk about skin tanning.

    What is it? How common is it? And if there is any bad effect of tanning?

    Tanning is process used to darken skin color. Ultraviolet (UV) light exposure from sun or artificial sources cause skin color to darken. If you see western movies, tanning is shown in different form. Sunbath, which was once very popular was used by many to tan their skin by using the UV light of sun. Another form of tanning is also popular called artificial tanning, in which people get their skin tanned by lying in a tanning bed fixed with fluorescent lamps that emit UV light. (More …)

     
  • Sumanta 8:35 AM on January 31, 2014 Permalink |
    Tags: Acetaldehyde, , , Cancer, Disulfiram, , ,   

    Alcohol can cause low blood sugar & skin cancer 

    When we humans consume alcohol, like most other drugs, it goes through certain metabolic processes. Interestingly, our liver produces an enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase, which converts alcohol to acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde, is further degraded by another enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase.

    So let  us see how is this acetaldehyde formation in body is important in various way: (More …)

     
  • Sumanta 8:02 AM on September 24, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: Cancer, Cancer prevention, Endometrium, , Glycemic index, , , , ,   

    Endometrial cancer prevention 

    Recent reports show, about 60 per cent of endometrial cancer cases are preventable, which is no doubt an interesting and surprising news. Before looking into the issue in detail let’s know what is an endometrial cancer is. Endometrial cancer, is a cancer of endometrium. Endometrium is the innermost  lining of uterus. When this lining is affected by cancer, we refer it as an endometrial cancer.

    Now coming back to our discussion. There are two body hormones, which are related to endometrial cancer, namely estrogen and insulin. If their levels in blood rise the risk of cancer rises. Excessive body fat rises the formation of excess estrogen therefore contributing in occurrence of the cancer. On the other hand, excess diet with high glycaemic index like highly sugary diets can increase the cancer risk too. The combined effects may rise estrogen and insulin levels in blood and cause cancer.

    Henceforth, efforts to decrease the body fat and high sugary diets, may aid in reducing the risk of cancer. In addition, consuming coffee may be beneficial, since coffee is rich in antioxidants, which too are said to provide some sort of cancer protection.

    Uterus and uterine tubes.

    You may share your opinions below in the comments section. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. Please cross check information from other sources too. Reference: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_140561.html

     
  • Sumanta 6:45 PM on September 20, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: , Cancer, Dental caries, Dentistry, , Lactic acid, Mouthwash, tooth, Tooth brushing   

    Can dental cavities protect from cancer? 

    Who doesn’t love carries free healthy teeth? Most dental health conscious people tend to use various methods to keep their teeth plaque free, for example tooth brushing, flossing, using mouthwashes etc. But did you ever think, if the dental cavities can be beneficial to our health in any way? Well, recent studies show that tooth cavities can decrease the risks of developing certain head and neck cancers. The possible scientific basis is that, the lactic acid produced by bacteria, which causes the dental plaque has certain cancer protective roles. More insight is expected to reveal in future.

    Reference:

    The report was published Sept. 12 in the online edition of JAMA Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery.

    via Tooth Cavities Linked to Lower Risk of Head, Neck Cancer in Study: MedlinePlus.

    For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider and not this blog. 
     
  • Sumanta 10:17 AM on August 17, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: Cancer, Cervix cancer, Girl, , HPV, , ,   

    Cervix cancer, a death trap in developing nations 

    Cervical cancer is one of the deadliest cancer in women all over the world. It’s the second most common cause of cancer worldwide. About 80% (as of figures of 2008) of these cancers were from developing nations. However, the awareness and fear of this cancer don’t see to be that much in the remaining 20% of the world population. Today the author will try exploring the possible explanations of such ignorance of developing nations toward cervical cancer.

    Obviously the first cause we can think of, is the low education or lack of literacy, which prevent women to know about this cancer. In developing world many people know their relatives to died of cancer, although they might not be sure of what type of cancer was it. Next, is probably because of less discussion about this cancer in radio, television and other medias. Most emphasis is now given for HIV-AIDS. It seems like, problems that get more emphasis in west is more widely circulated in developing nations, although they might have some other equally serious health problem which don’t receive the attention (like mal nutrition in children).

    Another particular observation the author made in certain parts of developing nations is that the health care providers generally have a more pin pointed approach than a broad approach towards their patients. Let me explain, for example a young lady goes to a doctor for a fever and the whole advise and treatment commonly she will receive will be related to the main complain she came with. Most likely she will not be asked or informed about safe sex practices or what a pap test is and why should it be done etc. The author believes that whenever a patient visit to a health care provider they should be encouraged to talk and think about issues important for his or her particular age and sex besides the presenting complain of the patient.

    Interestingly many women in poor nations are not at all aware about the availability of vaccines against certain strains of human papilloma virus (HPV)which causes cervical cancer. Although these countries have a never changing fixed problem that they lack fund to provide these sort of costly vaccine to all (although the author don’t agree with this concept and believes misuse and corrupt use of funds creates artificial crisis which leads to deprivation of common man from good health care).

    At least in this circumstance they could have done one thing even there may be a lack of enough monetary resources to provide HPV vaccine to every one, i.e. making mass campaign to educate people about the importance of such vaccines. By doing so at least some people could have tried to save money and get the vaccine on their own because once people understand the importance of something for their good health they always tend to get it. Even affluent or middle class people who could have payed for the vaccine may not do it because they lack the necessary information. In terms of vaccines probably most campaigned in developing nations is the polio vaccine and that also supposedly due to international health agencies pressure and fund.

    All we can do is hope and pray for the wisdom of leaders of these nations to think seriously for their countrymen’s health. In these days if pap tests are used properly in time, many cervix cancer cases could have been detected much earlier and appropriate treatment can be given in time before it becomes too late. Therefore, little bit of increased attention towards mass campaigns may help save many women lives. Women in poor countries too deserve a good quality of life as enjoyed by their counterparts in rich nations.

    Gardasil vaccine and box

    Gardasil vaccine and box

    Views shared here are based on this blog author’s own perception about the subject. The author don’t intend to hurt anyone’s feeling in any form and if such happened unknowingly is purely coincidental and not intentional. Please cross check information from other sources too. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. References- link

     
    • Merirei 7:53 AM on September 13, 2013 Permalink | Log in to Reply

      I feel like they’re only *now* started to do any kind of public outreach and awareness work with cervical cancer here in Palau. And though I’m grateful that it’s finally happening– there’s still that voice in the back of my head yelling “TOOK YOU LONG ENOUGH!”

      Like

      • Dr. Sumanta Saha 3:41 PM on September 13, 2013 Permalink | Log in to Reply

        Hi Merirei,
        You are most welcome to this blog. It’s nice to know you enjoyed reading the post. Thanks for sharing the scenario at Palau. I understand the amount of dissatisfaction you have about the late introduction of it.
        In many developing and poor nations many people are not at all aware about pap screening, just merely because of inadequate campaigns done by these governments.
        Nevertheless, thanks again, for sharing your views.

        Like

  • Sumanta 7:09 PM on July 30, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: Cancer, , , , , , Tall,   

    Tall women, cancer risk after menopause 

    If we try listing what causes cancer in postmenopausal women the list may include many things like oestrogen, red meat, alcohol, smoking etc. But one would probably never wonder that even being tall may be a possible factor related to cancer. Interestingly new info highlights that postmenopausals those who are tall are more prone to certain types of cancer like cancer of breast, colon, endometrium, kidney, ovary etc.

    This is obviously something interesting. According to a school of thought, good childhood nutrition may be linked with a better height and finally cancer, although all are still in list of possibilities and yet to be proved. However, this may in future lead to more rigorous screening of tall women during their post menopausal days for cancers.

    Takajo (高女) from the Gazu Hyakki Yakō

    .

    For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. Please cross check information from other sources too. Reference: link

     
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