Tag Archives: Children

Polio vaccine: oral or injection – by which route should it be given to the children?

Oral polio drops are most popular for its use in various immunization camps organized by various health organizations around the world, particularly in 3rd world nations. However, where economic constraints are not an issue polio vaccine injections are also used.

The oral vaccine rarely causes vaccine associated paralytic polio, in view of which certain developed nations are not using oral polio vaccine anymore, instead using injectable polio vaccine.

Another reason why some nations less prefer the oral polio vaccine is because of the risk of spreading of wild live polio viruses. Oral polio vaccine contains live polio viruses, whereas injectable ones contain killed dead polio viruses.

In certain developing nations where injectable polio vaccine is given, advise is also given to get the oral vaccine too, as part of various polio irradication initiatives that are taken by various health organizations.

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Is it always necessary to give antibiotic to children for fever?

One of the most common problem a family doctor might get in his clinic is children presenting with fever.

Parents are quite anxious when children get fever and are confused many a times when their doctor don’t prescribe antibiotics for the fever 🚸.

Yes antibiotics may be needed for treatment of fever but not always.

Most flues are common cold and are generally due to viral illness. Viral infections are not treated with antibiotics unless the illness gets complicated by a bacterial infection. Continue reading Is it always necessary to give antibiotic to children for fever?

Newborn baby facts

imageHow frequently can newborn babies be given a bath ?

Bathing is important daily activity of most adults, but it’s not totally the same for newborn babies.

Generally, its not advisable to give bath 🛀 to newborn babies upto the first 7 to days of life. This is mainly because newborns don’t have good temperature regulation system like adults, so a risk of body temperature drop due to a bath can happen. Serious drop in body temperature can be fatal and if really complicated can cause death.

From the second day of life onwards one can give a bath but temperature of water should be taken care of. It’s probably wise to use lukewarm water. Too cold water and too hot water both can be harmful. Bathing every 2 to 3 days is ok in the initial few months of life.


When is weight loss normal in newborn babies?

imageMost parents are concerned when their baby losses weight. Although weight loss is a important indicator of health problem, at certain instances it can be normal. Newborn babies generally losses about 10% of their body weight in the first week of life and this is a normal finding in otherwise healthy newborn babies.

Babies get back their lost weight almost by the 10th day of their life. Following this babies will be gaining 20-40 grams of weight per day.

How frequently should you breastfeed your baby?

cropped-20141109_102902.jpgFor healthy full term babies breast feeding every 2 or 3 hourly is advised generally for the first 4-6 months until you start weaning.

It’s not wise to give feeds too frequently like after every 15 minutes or half an hour or every hour. This is because frequent feeds can cause overfeeding and the baby might drink more milk than required and this can cause distress in the baby like having a distended abdomen and risk of aspiration of milk into the lungs.

Furthermore, frequent feeding can decrease the hunger of the baby, since the baby is always overtly fed and this might decrease sucking effort of the baby on mother’s nipples. This can result into less emptying of the mother’s breasts leading to breast engorgement or decreased milk production.

Once weaning is started feeding frequency may be reduced to 3-4 times a day depending on baby ‘s age and health requirements.


What is the technique of burping of babies after feeding?

Post breastfeed care of babies is a very important thing.

After feeding the baby either from breast or from bottle or from any other device baby should be burped properly.

Your health care provider will teach you proper burping techniques.

Commonly burping is done by keeping the baby upright on the shoulder of the mother and gentle tapping of the back of the baby 👶.

Sometimes the job might be tiring for the mother, causing pain or distress of the lower back. In such scenario, the mother may first choose a sitting accommodation which provides good back support like a firm straight-back type chair or using the wall as back support if sitting on bed (one can keep a pillow between ones back and wall ).

If the mother is exhausted other members of the family can take the role, like the husband.


How long should burping of babies be done following a feed?

Many parents are concerned if their child don’t burp after gentle tapping of their baby’s back.

Babies might not always burp after feeds, however the act of burping (i.e. Gentle tapping of the baby in upright position) should continue for minimum 20-30 minutes.

It’s wise to continue burping for 20-30 minutes even if the baby burps with in 5 or 10 minutes of burping, because the upright position of the baby after feed is important.


How should newborn babies be lying during sleep?

Sleeping position of newborn babies is important and parents should have some idea about it.

Babies can sleep either on their backs or on their sides.

They should not be made to sleep on their chest. This is because babies can’t hold up their neck until about the third month of their life and hence can be suffocated, which might lead to death.

Furthermore, lying on the chest and belly can increase pressure on the belly and cause vomiting of the ingested milk including risk of aspiration of the vomitus.

It’s ideal for babies to sleep in a cradle than with the adult on same bed. This is because an adult might roll over a babies body and might accidentally suffocate the baby with detrimental side effects like death.

Next is the inclination of the bed of the baby 👶.  It’s wise to keep the head side of the baby elevated by about 30 degrees. Such inclination helps the baby sleep comfortably as the milk from stomach will not come up and cause distress to the baby. While doing so it’s important that the neck of the baby is not flexed or bend anteriorly, this can also cause choking of the baby due to compression of airway.

Finally, a small folded towel beneath the shoulder blades is a good support for the baby to have a proper rest.

So, to summarize – ideal lying position of newborn babies are-
-Lying on their backs or sides
-Let baby sleep separately in a cradle
-Having head side up by about 30 degrees
-Small roll of towel beneath the shoulder blades


Up to what age should babies be breast fed?

Many mothers, more in underdeveloped and developing countries, are in the dilemma, how many months should they breast feed their children.

Ideally, one can breast feed upto 1 year. In some places practice may be even upto first 24 months of life.

However, there is a term called ‘exclusive breast feeding’, which means only giving breast milk and not adding any other solid or liquid food in the feeding menu of the baby. Such feeding should be continued for about 4-6 months.

From 4 to 6 months of age additional food is introduced in the baby’s diet, which is generally known as weaning.

Does staying near overhead power lines cause leukemia in children?

Leukemia is a cancer of blood and bone marrow. Its rather a broad term, in the sense that it can include various sort of cancers originating from blood cells and marrow cells. Generally, children with this disease respond better than adult, to treatment. Various causes are doubted including genes to radiation exposure. One interesting thing which is doubted as a cause of leukemia in children is overhead power lines.

Does leukemia occur to children who stay near over head power lines? The answer according to recent findings is probably no. It may had been true in 1960s or 70s but not any more.

Read an excerpt:

Data on 16,500 children who developed leukaemia in Britain between 1962 and 2008 was analysed.

The paper found no increased leukaemia risk for those living near power lines from the 1980s onwards – but a higher risk did exist in the 1960s and 70s.

The researchers said the findings were “reassuring” but work was being done to understand the historical patterns.

Leukaemia accounts for around a third of all cancers diagnosed in children.

Around 460 new cases of leukaemia are diagnosed in children under the age of 15 each year in Britain.

via BBC News – Power lines: No child leukaemia risk.

For all your health concerns please be guided by your health care provider and not this blog. Cross check information here from other sources too.

Vitamin D increases children’s muscle power

Today lets talk about the wonder vitamin, Vitamin D. This vitamin is known for improving bone health by increasing mineralisation of bone.

This vitamin utilizes calcium we ingest effectively to make it available for bones.

But where from do you get this vitamin? Broadly you can get this vitamin from 2 sources one is the sunlight (which provides the D2 variant of vitamin D), and food products gives you the D3 component of vitamin D). Food products like oily fishes are rich sources of vitamin D. Continue reading Vitamin D increases children’s muscle power

Reduce ads, protect children from obesity

Childhood obesity is a widely discussed topic among doctors since these can predispose a child to various diseases like diabetes, heart disease etc. as they grow up and eventually affecting their adult life. Not all childhood obesity are attributed to heredity or family history. Mostly they are due to excessive consumption of high calorie foods rich in saturated fat, trans fat, sugar etc. In today’s discussion we will try to see what is contributing in their increasingly high caloric intake.

Informed parents will always try to protect their children from bad food products. But parents who lack the necessary information may not be able to decide what type of food they should give less. But it’s not always the parents fault. Have you ever tried to notice how lucrative are advertisements of food commodities high in sugar, salt and bad fats are? The current day advertisement culture and their stunning presentation make even adults believe that those are essential for healthy living so, it’s quite obvious children will fall prey to those classifieds.

The above scenario is common to most parts of the world while in the developing world it will probably have another point added to it that is adulteration. In developing nations the opportunity of adulteration is much higher than developed countries since food authorities are either reluctant about the quality of food or notoriously corrupt. If you taste a same brand’s soft drink in US and then taste it in a developing country you may appreciate the difference. They taste bizarre and toxic in poor nations, however companies seem to attempt masking those taste imperfections by making those drinks highly sugary along with the beautiful ads by the celebrities. Young minds tend to float first, when they see their favorite actor or actresses consuming those drinks in the ads.

Recently international health organisations also urged about effects of these stunning ads of unhealthy food products on children. Ads may be of smoking or of such high calorie foods are needed to be controlled in stricter manner to protect our future generations, other wise we will have the world overburdened with obesity, diabetes, stroke,heart disease, cancer etc. We are already having millions affected by this decade and let’s not allow this toll to rise. Even may governments don’t take appropriate steps we need to be informed and protect ourselves. So share this information with your close near and dear ones and contribute to health of our future generations, may be silently. Your whisper can make their health roar with happiness, someday!

English: McDonald's patron, 2006.
English: McDonald’s patron, 2006. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Please cross check information from other sources too. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. References: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_137937.html

Male with small testicles are better fathers

This is an era when many young men and women are choosing to hunt their life partner over the internet. There are plenty of such matrimonial websites available all around the globe. What do you think today a bride wants to know about her future husband, before she chooses her finally? Besides the grooms social profile they also take interest about his educational credentials, job and economic profile. In addition to this, now a days various health related information are sought of, particularly the sexually transmissible diseases like HIV. Interestingly, in future some more amazing criteria may looked for in the groom and the one we are talking about here is the grooms testicle size.

Confused? Well let me explain. Recently, evidences by anthropologists found that men with small sized testicles are more caring than men with big testes. May be a old saying holds true – all that is big might not be better. When these men with small testes were showed their children’s picture, fMRI scans of their brain (fMRI i.e. functional-MRI, a new type of MRI scan that looks into blood’s moving pattern in brain) revealed increased activity in certain regions in brain. Since, women mostly look for a husband who will be caring to her kids, it’s likely in future such a criteria may be sought of in a groom’s credential. The size measurement shouldn’t be a headache, a ultra sonographer can provide most details of its topography like weight, volume, size etc.

Finally, there is one issue in regard to this which might not comfort men. It’s yet to be proved if being a caring father decreases the testes size or smaller testes size makes a male a caring father. It’s still in stage of- egg or chicken, which came first?

Read an excerpt in this regard:

A link between the size of a father\’s testicles and how active he is in bringing up his children has been suggested by scientists.

Researchers at Emory University, US, said those with smaller testicles were more likely to be involved with nappy changing, feeding and bath time.

They also found differences in brain scans of fathers looking at images of their child, linked to testicle size.

via BBC News – Testicle size ‘link to father role’.

A link to another interesting article related to fMRI- Viewing pain

You may share your opinions below in the comments section. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. Please cross check information from other sources too.