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  • Sumanta 5:58 PM on May 21, 2015 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , Insulin,   

    Why insulin requirement decreases in diabetes patients with long term kidney disease? 

    Those people who are suffering from diabetes and taking insulin probably become happy when their doctor decreases their dose of insulin or stops insulin.

    But if a person is suffering from chronic kidney disease along with diabetes, decrease in insulin doses may not be something to be happy.

    When chronic kidney disease deteriorates i.e. progresses to advanced stages, the requirement of insulin falls in diabetics.

    Now the question is:

    Why insulin requirement falls in advanced stages of chronic kidney disease?

    Answer:

    • In advanced stages of chronic renal failure, the kidneys excretion capacity of insulin molecules decrease, therefore more of the insulin remains in blood. Unless the insulin gets excreted normally the further requirement of insulin is less. In such scenario your doctor might decrease your insulin doses.

    Ask you doctor today to be sure why your insulin dose was decreased.

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  • Sumanta 7:20 PM on July 22, 2014 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , Insulin   

    Why insulin is needed for our body? 

    Insulin is a hormone produced by our pancreas (an organ found in our abdomen). Insulin stores the sugar, fat and protein that we take through our diet.

    When the body is lacking insulin or insulin in not able to work efficiently, as in case of diabetes, sugar can’t be stored in our body anymore and hence the level of the sugar in blood increases.

    At certain times the fat level in blood can rise due to deficiency of insulin, causing a condition called ketoacidosis (since free fatty acids break down to ketone bodies and makes our body acidic).

    Therefore, for our body to function properly insulin is required. Insulin can be taken in injectable forms, beneath our skin, when needed.

    For all your health concerns be guided your health care provider and not this blog.

     
  • Sumanta 11:08 PM on March 23, 2014 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , Insulin, Test   

    Tests to diagnose diabetes 

    Diagnosing diabetes-

    Blood sugar levels which refers an individual as diabetic are as following (although one such reading might not be sufficient and other clinical features might be included in making a diagnosis)-

    • Fasting >126mg/dl
    • Random >200mg/dl
    • HbA1C (glycated hemoglobin) >6.5
    • For diagnosis of gestational diabetes your doctor may need another test called glucose tolerance test in which you will be given certain amount of glucose drink and then checking your blood sugar levels after certain intervals.

    Cross check the levels from other sources too.

     
  • Sumanta 6:18 PM on March 23, 2014 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , Insulin, Type2   

    Type 2 diabetes 

    Type 2 diabetes:

    1. This disease primarily occur in adults and elderly persons with family history of type 2 diabetes. The condition also associated obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high calorie sugary and fatty diet, lack of exercise etc.
    2. In contrast to type 1 this variant is not necessarily due to a deficiency (although a decreased secretion from pancreas might be present) rather due to insulin resistance. Exact causes are yet to be discovered.
    3. This type is primarily treated with dietary modification and exercises sometimes along with antidiabetic medications. When these therapies fail an insulin therapy is generally planned.
    4. An emergency condition of type 2 also exists called hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma (not going in details of it here).

    (More …)

     
  • Sumanta 6:11 PM on March 23, 2014 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , Insulin,   

    Type 1 diabetes 

    Type 1 diabetes

    This type is usually of juvenile type i.e. occurs in young aged children or adolescents.
    Type 1 occurs due to true deficiency of the hormone insulin.

    Now the question is why should someone be deficient to the hormone. Any serious insult to the pancreas (in the beta cells of pancreas mainly, where insulin is produced) can damage its ability to produce insulin. Since there is true deficiency of insulin it’s also called insulin dependent type of diabetes. (More …)

     
  • Sumanta 8:02 AM on October 14, 2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , Insulin, Pancreas   

    Diabetes basic talks 

    Diabetes is a disease condition where blood glucose levels are persistently above the normal level and generally diagnosed by a doctor using an individual’s medical history, clinical findings and certain laboratory tests.

    Diabetes is primarily of 2 types – type 1 and type 2. Before describing each of this type let me share a snapshot about of the normal physiology of humans, which might serve as a good appetizer before the main dish. In our abdomen we have an organ named pancreas, which is responsible for production of hormones like insulin, glucagon, somatostatin etc. Insulin, primarily decrease the blood glucose level to keep the blood glucose level optimum and glucagon does the opposite, raises the blood glucose level and normally there is a harmony between their actions.

    For various types check the following links:Type 1 diabetes,  Type 2 diabetes

     
  • Sumanta 6:45 AM on July 13, 2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , Human breast milk, Insulin, Lactation, , ,   

    Breast milk decrease in prediabetes 

    After the pregnancy is over many mothers face a problem of decreased breast milk production and can’t feed their newborn fully. There are various myths associated to this too. Interestingly breast milk production seems to be connected to the mothers health directly. New findings suggest that female breast during lactation can produce such huge quantity of milk with the help of a hormone connected to diabetes, i.e. insulin. Insulin is a hormone made in our pancreas, which plays role in introducing protein, fat and carbohydrate in the breast milk since it has anabolic role (i.e. storage type role, insulin stores fat, protein and sugar instead of degrading them).

    Therefore, if a women is prediabetic her insulin function will be abnormal hence the amount of breast milk produced might decrease too. So if the prediabetes is taken care of in time, nourishing the baby might not be a problem. Simple steps of diet and exercise may ease the situation a lot. Even if you have diabetes don’t self medicate yourself since diabetic drugs are harmful for the baby and only a specific one is used henceforth, approach to a doctor to seek expert help.
    A baby having milk from a bottle.

    Please cross check information from other sources too. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. References: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_138459.html

     
  • Sumanta 8:34 PM on June 18, 2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Breakfast, , , , , Insulin,   

    Skipping breakfast and diabetes 

    People’s thought about diabetes (type 2) are generally negatively oriented specially when it comes about eating food, a fear always bubbles that eating more food will increase the risk of diabetes. Well that’s partly true, depending on various facts like what type of food we are talking about or the quantity of food etc. and hence some individual skip their meals to keep blood sugar levels in control and mostly breakfast meals are skipped.

    Recently a small update came that skipping breakfast is not a wise idea since it can increase risk of diabetes.  So better to have a regular healthy breakfast. Possible explanation why skipping breakfast is not a healthy practice is somewhat like the following (as understood by this author): if we take a breakfast our insulin production process starts from the early morning and by the time we will be having our lunch, some insulin is already there in blood standby by virtue of the morning meal (it’s a bonus since during our lunch some insulin is secreted normally).  Whereas, if we skip our breakfast the first insulin release will occur during lunch and it will probably not be sufficient to use up or burn the glucose level rise after lunch and those on insulin might require more of it to keep the glucose level in control.

    Therefore a small dietary practice change may help us battle with diabetes better. Talk with your doctor to know what will be appropriate for your health.

    Lunch Time

    Lunch Time

    For other diabetes related posts please try this link: DIABETES For RSS feeds about diabetes please try this link: RSS DIABETES (not google chrome friendly).Please cross check information from other sources too. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. Reference: link

     
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