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  • Sumanta 6:41 PM on May 31, 2015 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , Newborn,   

    Up to what age should babies be breast fed? 

    Many mothers, more in underdeveloped and developing countries, are in the dilemma, how many months should they breast feed their children.

    Ideally, one can breast feed upto 1 year. In some places practice may be even upto first 24 months of life.

    However, there is a term called ‘exclusive breast feeding’, which means only giving breast milk and not adding any other solid or liquid food in the feeding menu of the baby. Such feeding should be continued for about 4-6 months.

    From 4 to 6 months of age additional food is introduced in the baby’s diet, which is generally known as weaning.

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  • Sumanta 3:08 PM on April 26, 2015 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , Newborn, Sleep Position   

    How should newborn babies be lying during sleep? 

    Sleeping position of newborn babies is important and parents should have some idea about it.

    Babies can sleep either on their backs or on their sides but on back is probably better.

    They should not be made to sleep on their chest. This is because babies can’t hold up their neck until about the third month of their life and hence can be suffocated, which might lead to death.

    Furthermore, lying on the chest and belly can increase pressure on the belly and cause vomiting of the ingested milk including risk of aspiration of the vomitus.

    It’s ideal for babies to sleep in a cradle than with the adult on same bed. This is because an adult might roll over a babies body and might accidentally suffocate the baby with detrimental side effects like death.

    Next is the inclination of the bed of the baby 👶.  It’s wise to keep the head side of the baby elevated by about 30 degrees. Such inclination helps the baby sleep comfortably as the milk from stomach will not come up and cause distress to the baby. While doing so it’s important that the neck of the baby is not flexed or bend anteriorly, this can also cause choking of the baby due to compression of airway.

    Finally, a small folded towel beneath the shoulder blades is a good support for the baby to have a proper rest.

    So, to summarize – ideal lying position of newborn babies are-
    -Lying on their backs or sides
    -Let baby sleep separately in a cradle
    -Having head side up by about 30 degrees
    -Small roll of towel beneath the shoulder blades

    PS. The content of this blog is not necessarily error-free and not intended to be used as a guide for any purpose. For health information contact your doctor or other reliable websites.

     
  • Sumanta 11:20 AM on April 26, 2015 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , Newborn   

    How long should burping of babies be done following a feed? 

    Many parents are concerned if their child don’t burp after gentle tapping of their baby’s back.

    Babies might not always burp after feeds, however the act of burping (i.e. Gentle tapping of the baby in upright position) should continue for minimum 20-30 minutes.

    It’s wise to continue burping for 20-30 minutes even if the baby burps with in 5 or 10 minutes of burping, because the upright position of the baby after feed is important.

     
  • Sumanta 10:05 AM on April 26, 2015 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , Newborn   

    What is the technique of burping of babies after feeding? 

    Post breast feed care of babies is a very important thing.

    After feeding the baby either from breast or from bottle or from any other device baby should be burped properly.

    Your health care provider will teach you proper burping techniques.

    Commonly burping is done by keeping the baby upright on the shoulder of the mother and gentle tapping of the back of the baby 👶.

    Sometimes the job might be tiring for the mother, causing pain or distress of the lower back. In such scenario, the mother may first choose a sitting accommodation which provides good back support like a firm straight-back type chair or using the wall as back support if sitting on bed (one can keep a pillow between ones back and wall ).

    If the mother is exhausted other members of the family can take the role, like the husband.

     
  • Sumanta 6:42 PM on April 24, 2015 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , Frequent, Newborn   

    How frequently should you breast feed your baby? 

    cropped-20141109_102902.jpgFor healthy full term babies breast feeding every 2 or 3 hourly is advised generally for the first 4-6 months until you start weaning.

    It’s not wise to give feeds too frequently like after every 15 minutes or half an hour or every hour. This is because frequent feeds can cause overfeeding and the baby might drink more milk than required and this can cause distress in the baby like having a distended abdomen and risk of aspiration of milk into the lungs.

    Furthermore, frequent feeding can decrease the hunger of the baby, since the baby is always overtly fed and this might decrease sucking effort of the baby on mother’s nipples. This can result into less emptying of the mother’s breasts leading to breast engorgement or decreased milk production.

    Once weaning is started feeding frequency may be reduced to 3-4 times a day depending on baby ‘s age and health requirements.

     
  • Sumanta 12:51 PM on March 10, 2015 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Newborn,   

    How do newborn babies get tuberculosis at birth? 

    How do newborn babies get tuberculosis at birth? Getting tuberculosis at birth is also called congenital tuberculosis. Although its alarming, it’s not very common.

    Now the question is how can a newborn baby get tuberculosis at birth?

    Well there are 2 ways how a newborn baby can get tuberculosis.

    One is through blood. Mother’s blood that enters baby’s body through the umbilical cord can bring in tuberculosis causing bacillus.

    The second way is through amniotic fluid i.e. the sac of fluid in which baby is in when he is in mother’s womb. This fluid might get into the baby’s body if he swallows or inhales it.

     
  • Sumanta 2:09 PM on February 26, 2015 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , Bath, , , Newborn   

    Newborn baby facts 

    imageHow frequently can newborn babies be given a bath ?

    Bathing is important daily activity of most adults, but it’s not totally the same for newborn babies.

    Generally, its not advisable to give bath 🛀 to newborn babies upto the first 7 to days of life. This is mainly because newborns don’t have good temperature regulation system like adults, so a risk of body temperature drop due to a bath can happen. Serious drop in body temperature can be fatal and if really complicated can cause death.

    From the second day of life onwards one can give a bath but temperature of water should be taken care of. It’s probably wise to use lukewarm water. Too cold water and too hot water both can be harmful. Bathing every 2 to 3 days is ok in the initial few months of life.


    When is weight loss normal in newborn babies?

    imageMost parents are concerned when their baby losses weight. Although weight loss is a important indicator of health problem, at certain instances it can be normal. Newborn babies generally losses about 10% of their body weight in the first week of life and this is a normal finding in otherwise healthy newborn babies.

    Babies get back their lost weight almost by the 10th day of their life. Following this babies will be gaining 20-40 grams of weight per day.

    How frequently should you breastfeed your baby?

    cropped-20141109_102902.jpgFor healthy full term babies breast feeding every 2 or 3 hourly is advised generally for the first 4-6 months until you start weaning.

    It’s not wise to give feeds too frequently like after every 15 minutes or half an hour or every hour. This is because frequent feeds can cause overfeeding and the baby might drink more milk than required and this can cause distress in the baby like having a distended abdomen and risk of aspiration of milk into the lungs.

    Furthermore, frequent feeding can decrease the hunger of the baby, since the baby is always overtly fed and this might decrease sucking effort of the baby on mother’s nipples. This can result into less emptying of the mother’s breasts leading to breast engorgement or decreased milk production.

    Once weaning is started feeding frequency may be reduced to 3-4 times a day depending on baby ‘s age and health requirements.


    What is the technique of burping of babies after feeding?

    Post breastfeed care of babies is a very important thing.

    After feeding the baby either from breast or from bottle or from any other device baby should be burped properly.

    Your health care provider will teach you proper burping techniques.

    Commonly burping is done by keeping the baby upright on the shoulder of the mother and gentle tapping of the back of the baby 👶.

    Sometimes the job might be tiring for the mother, causing pain or distress of the lower back. In such scenario, the mother may first choose a sitting accommodation which provides good back support like a firm straight-back type chair or using the wall as back support if sitting on bed (one can keep a pillow between ones back and wall ).

    If the mother is exhausted other members of the family can take the role, like the husband.


    How long should burping of babies be done following a feed?

    Many parents are concerned if their child don’t burp after gentle tapping of their baby’s back.

    Babies might not always burp after feeds, however the act of burping (i.e. Gentle tapping of the baby in upright position) should continue for minimum 20-30 minutes.

    It’s wise to continue burping for 20-30 minutes even if the baby burps with in 5 or 10 minutes of burping, because the upright position of the baby after feed is important.


    How should newborn babies be lying during sleep?

    Sleeping position of newborn babies is important and parents should have some idea about it.

    Babies can sleep either on their backs or on their sides.

    They should not be made to sleep on their chest. This is because babies can’t hold up their neck until about the third month of their life and hence can be suffocated, which might lead to death.

    Furthermore, lying on the chest and belly can increase pressure on the belly and cause vomiting of the ingested milk including risk of aspiration of the vomitus.

    It’s ideal for babies to sleep in a cradle than with the adult on same bed. This is because an adult might roll over a babies body and might accidentally suffocate the baby with detrimental side effects like death.

    Next is the inclination of the bed of the baby 👶.  It’s wise to keep the head side of the baby elevated by about 30 degrees. Such inclination helps the baby sleep comfortably as the milk from stomach will not come up and cause distress to the baby. While doing so it’s important that the neck of the baby is not flexed or bend anteriorly, this can also cause choking of the baby due to compression of airway.

    Finally, a small folded towel beneath the shoulder blades is a good support for the baby to have a proper rest.

    So, to summarize – ideal lying position of newborn babies are-
    -Lying on their backs or sides
    -Let baby sleep separately in a cradle
    -Having head side up by about 30 degrees
    -Small roll of towel beneath the shoulder blades


    Up to what age should babies be breast fed?

    Many mothers, more in underdeveloped and developing countries, are in the dilemma, how many months should they breast feed their children.

    Ideally, one can breast feed upto 1 year. In some places practice may be even upto first 24 months of life.

    However, there is a term called ‘exclusive breast feeding’, which means only giving breast milk and not adding any other solid or liquid food in the feeding menu of the baby. Such feeding should be continued for about 4-6 months.

    From 4 to 6 months of age additional food is introduced in the baby’s diet, which is generally known as weaning.

     
  • Sumanta 6:40 AM on February 25, 2015 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , Newborn, Weight   

    When is weight loss normal in newborn babies? 

    imageMost parents are concerned when their baby losses weight. Although weight loss is a important indicator of health problem, at certain instances it can be normal. Newborn babies generally losses about 10% of their body weight in the first week of life and this is a normal finding in otherwise healthy newborn babies.

    Babies get back their lost weight almost by the 10th day of their life. Following this babies will be gaining 20-40 grams of weight per day.
     
  • Sumanta 4:37 AM on February 17, 2015 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , Newborn,   

    Up to what age should babies be breast fed? 

    Many mothers, more in underdeveloped and developing countries, are in the dilemma, how many months should they breast feed their children.

    Ideally, one can breast feed upto 1 year. In some places practice may be even upto first 24 months of life.

    However, there is a term called exclusive breast feeding, which means only giving breast milk and not adding any other solid or liquid food to the feeding menu. Such feeding should be continued for about 4-6 months.

    From 4 to 6 months of age additional food is introduced in the baby’s diet, which is generally known as weaning.

    It’s not uncommon to find mothers nursing their babies with breast milk upto the age of 1 year. In many instances mothers might continue feeding upto 2 years or more.

    This post may not be free of error. Hence, check this issues from other reliable resources too.

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  • Sumanta 12:54 PM on September 1, 2014 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Newborn,   

    Treating tuberculosis of newborn baby 

    It’s not very easy to know if a newborn infant got infected by tuberculosis from his mother (ie congenital) or acquired it after birth.

    Whatever may be the cause strong suspicion should be there if the mother has tuberculosis.To diagnose if the baby has tuberculosis or not first thorough clinical examination should be done. Appropriate lab 🔬 tests may also be required to achieve diagnosis. Documentation of bacteria (acid fast bacillus) in sputum or other body fluids can be definitive towards a diagnosis of tuberculosis.

    Chest xray can also be supportive in diagnosis of tuberculosis.

    When lab based definitive prove of tuberculosis is not available, prophylactic use of isoniazid may be a wise thing to do. Following this a Montoux test can be done and if the test is negative BCG vaccination can be done to ensure better protection from koch’s. But in cases where the test is positive isoniazid may be continued for few more months.

    However, in cases where definitive evidence of tuberculosis is there as supported by lab tests like sputum AFB and chest xray, a full course of anti-tuberculosis therapy may prove beneficial.

    All koch’s contacts should be treated too.

     
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