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  • Sumanta 5:54 PM on May 26, 2015 Permalink |
    Tags: , , , Urine, Volume   

    What is the normal volume of urine passed by adults per day? 

    In normal health condition on average an adult produces about 1-2 litres of urine per day.

  • Sumanta 5:42 PM on May 26, 2015 Permalink |
    Tags: , , Polyuria, Urine   

    What is the meaning of the word ‘polyuria’? 

    Polyuria is passing of excessive volume of urine.

    Generally when the amount of urine passed is more than 2.5-3 litres per day in an adult, it’s called polyuria.

    Polyuria is classically seen in diseases like diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.

  • Sumanta 6:10 PM on February 5, 2015 Permalink |
    Tags: Creatinine, , , Microalbumin, Urine   

    Diabetes and urine microalbumin 

    Urine microalbumin is a test in which we look for microalbumin levels in urine. This test is commonly recommended for diabetic patients. Usual recommendations are to check its level every year.

    Generally microalbumin to creatinine ratio less than 30 is considered normal and levels between 30 and 300 is considered as the range of microalbuminuria.

    Microalbuminuria can proceed to kidney failure, so it should not be ignored. Consulting a doctor in this regard is probably the most wise thing to do.

    Microalbumin levels can be raised in diseases like diabetes type one, diabetes type two, hypertension etc.

    Some might ask if false rise of microalbumin level is possible (which are not directly indicating a kidney problem). Yes, such can happen, if someone exercised severely before going for the urine microalbumin test.

    Other possible causes of falsely raised microalbumin are severe high blood pressure, some heart conditions, certain drugs that an individual might be taking, blood in urine, fever or infections. If such a condition preceded before a test an abnormal micoalbumin test result is possible, which warrants repeat testing.

    However, single test showing microalbuminuria is generally not considered sufficient and repeat testing after 2 to 3 months are looked for.

    In cases of real microalbuminuria, in diabetics, drugs belonging to the group called angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers are used. Which are commonly claimed as helpful, medical literature too votes for that. Besides that moderate bar on protein ingestion is also wise.

    The issue needs guidance of a physician.

  • Sumanta 6:05 PM on January 16, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: , micturation, micturition, , Urine   

    Which spelling is correct- micturation or micturition? 

    Answer: micturition is correct

    Micturition means the act of passing urine.

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