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  • Sumanta 6:53 PM on July 22, 2014 Permalink |
    Tags: , , , , Women   

    Do you need to change asthma medications, during pregnancy? 

    Generally change of common asthma medications are not required, however, a consultation from your doctor in this regard is important. Most medications used in asthma are considered safe in pregnancy. Steroid based medications too are well tolerated. 

    For all your health concerns please be guided by your health care provide and not this blog.
  • Sumanta 7:36 PM on October 27, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: , , , , Women   

    Quitting smoking can increase diabetes risk in postmenopausal women 

    Over 100,000 orders for smoking cessation products

    Over 100,000 orders for smoking cessation products (Photo credit: BC Gov Photos)

    Those who don’t like to listen to the campaign that smoking is injurious to the health here is something that they might like, although the author don’t wish to promote smoking and urges people to stop this deadly behavior. (More …)

  • Sumanta 8:02 AM on September 24, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: , Cancer prevention, Endometrium, , Glycemic index, , , , , Women   

    Endometrial cancer prevention 

    Recent reports show, about 60 per cent of endometrial cancer cases are preventable, which is no doubt an interesting and surprising news. Before looking into the issue in detail let’s know what is an endometrial cancer is. Endometrial cancer, is a cancer of endometrium. Endometrium is the innermost  lining of uterus. When this lining is affected by cancer, we refer it as an endometrial cancer.

    Now coming back to our discussion. There are two body hormones, which are related to endometrial cancer, namely estrogen and insulin. If their levels in blood rise the risk of cancer rises. Excessive body fat rises the formation of excess estrogen therefore contributing in occurrence of the cancer. On the other hand, excess diet with high glycaemic index like highly sugary diets can increase the cancer risk too. The combined effects may rise estrogen and insulin levels in blood and cause cancer.

    Henceforth, efforts to decrease the body fat and high sugary diets, may aid in reducing the risk of cancer. In addition, consuming coffee may be beneficial, since coffee is rich in antioxidants, which too are said to provide some sort of cancer protection.

    Uterus and uterine tubes.

    You may share your opinions below in the comments section. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. Please cross check information from other sources too. Reference: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_140561.html

  • Sumanta 11:02 AM on August 28, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: , , , Weight Management, Women   

    Pregnancy & weight control 

    In this era there are talks related to obesity of various types adult obesity, childhood obesity, teenage obesity etc. One interesting form is pregnancy related obesity. Obviously gaining some amount of weight during pregnancy months is natural but too much of it may not be good too. Excessive weight gain during pregnancy can cause various problems in to the mother and baby. Mother may get a complication called preeclampsia, in which blood pressure is higher than normal and also proteins get excreted via urine. Furthermore the mother may continue to be obese even after the pregnancy is over and may have to deal with its own consequences. On the other hand the baby will be more prone to develop childhood obesity. Therefore a good control on mothers weight during pregnancy is essential. For better control of body weight latest studies suggest to stay active throughout the day. In literate world today pregnancy is honored and overvalued and which probably leads to over-care. In common mans dictionary good care mostly equates a plenty of bed rest although that may not hold true every time.

    Henceforth, trying to maintaining an active lifestyle throughout the pregnancy months may be the most wise step to have a good control over body weight. Finally check out with your health care provider how much activity is appropriate for you.

    What scientists call "Overweight" ch...

    What scientists call “Overweight” changes with our knowledge of human health

    Please cross check information from other sources too. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. References: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_140031.html

  • Sumanta 10:17 AM on August 17, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: , Cervix cancer, Girl, , HPV, , , Women   

    Cervix cancer, a death trap in developing nations 

    Cervical cancer is one of the deadliest cancer in women all over the world. It’s the second most common cause of cancer worldwide. About 80% (as of figures of 2008) of these cancers were from developing nations. However, the awareness and fear of this cancer don’t see to be that much in the remaining 20% of the world population. Today the author will try exploring the possible explanations of such ignorance of developing nations toward cervical cancer.

    Obviously the first cause we can think of, is the low education or lack of literacy, which prevent women to know about this cancer. In developing world many people know their relatives to died of cancer, although they might not be sure of what type of cancer was it. Next, is probably because of less discussion about this cancer in radio, television and other medias. Most emphasis is now given for HIV-AIDS. It seems like, problems that get more emphasis in west is more widely circulated in developing nations, although they might have some other equally serious health problem which don’t receive the attention (like mal nutrition in children).

    Another particular observation the author made in certain parts of developing nations is that the health care providers generally have a more pin pointed approach than a broad approach towards their patients. Let me explain, for example a young lady goes to a doctor for a fever and the whole advise and treatment commonly she will receive will be related to the main complain she came with. Most likely she will not be asked or informed about safe sex practices or what a pap test is and why should it be done etc. The author believes that whenever a patient visit to a health care provider they should be encouraged to talk and think about issues important for his or her particular age and sex besides the presenting complain of the patient.

    Interestingly many women in poor nations are not at all aware about the availability of vaccines against certain strains of human papilloma virus (HPV)which causes cervical cancer. Although these countries have a never changing fixed problem that they lack fund to provide these sort of costly vaccine to all (although the author don’t agree with this concept and believes misuse and corrupt use of funds creates artificial crisis which leads to deprivation of common man from good health care).

    At least in this circumstance they could have done one thing even there may be a lack of enough monetary resources to provide HPV vaccine to every one, i.e. making mass campaign to educate people about the importance of such vaccines. By doing so at least some people could have tried to save money and get the vaccine on their own because once people understand the importance of something for their good health they always tend to get it. Even affluent or middle class people who could have payed for the vaccine may not do it because they lack the necessary information. In terms of vaccines probably most campaigned in developing nations is the polio vaccine and that also supposedly due to international health agencies pressure and fund.

    All we can do is hope and pray for the wisdom of leaders of these nations to think seriously for their countrymen’s health. In these days if pap tests are used properly in time, many cervix cancer cases could have been detected much earlier and appropriate treatment can be given in time before it becomes too late. Therefore, little bit of increased attention towards mass campaigns may help save many women lives. Women in poor countries too deserve a good quality of life as enjoyed by their counterparts in rich nations.

    Gardasil vaccine and box

    Gardasil vaccine and box

    Views shared here are based on this blog author’s own perception about the subject. The author don’t intend to hurt anyone’s feeling in any form and if such happened unknowingly is purely coincidental and not intentional. Please cross check information from other sources too. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. References- link

    • Merirei 7:53 AM on September 13, 2013 Permalink | Log in to Reply

      I feel like they’re only *now* started to do any kind of public outreach and awareness work with cervical cancer here in Palau. And though I’m grateful that it’s finally happening– there’s still that voice in the back of my head yelling “TOOK YOU LONG ENOUGH!”


      • Dr. Sumanta Saha 3:41 PM on September 13, 2013 Permalink | Log in to Reply

        Hi Merirei,
        You are most welcome to this blog. It’s nice to know you enjoyed reading the post. Thanks for sharing the scenario at Palau. I understand the amount of dissatisfaction you have about the late introduction of it.
        In many developing and poor nations many people are not at all aware about pap screening, just merely because of inadequate campaigns done by these governments.
        Nevertheless, thanks again, for sharing your views.


  • Sumanta 7:09 PM on July 30, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: , , , , , , Tall, Women   

    Tall women, cancer risk after menopause 

    If we try listing what causes cancer in postmenopausal women the list may include many things like oestrogen, red meat, alcohol, smoking etc. But one would probably never wonder that even being tall may be a possible factor related to cancer. Interestingly new info highlights that postmenopausals those who are tall are more prone to certain types of cancer like cancer of breast, colon, endometrium, kidney, ovary etc.

    This is obviously something interesting. According to a school of thought, good childhood nutrition may be linked with a better height and finally cancer, although all are still in list of possibilities and yet to be proved. However, this may in future lead to more rigorous screening of tall women during their post menopausal days for cancers.

    Takajo (高女) from the Gazu Hyakki Yakō


    For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. Please cross check information from other sources too. Reference: link

  • Sumanta 6:54 AM on July 17, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: , , Circadian rhythm, , Melatonin, night shift, Women   

    Night shifts increase risk of breast cancer 

    Liliwenn, Shift Work

    Liliwenn, Shift Work (Photo credit: Marie A.-C.)

    Women who are working in night shifts for more than three decades are in increased risk (about double) of developing cancer in their breast, according to new findings. This may be related to decreased melatonin production in these women. Melatonin is a hormone that is produced in dark and is responsible for maintaining our day and night circadian rhythm. Since night shift working don’t allow one to sleep, melatonin production is dampened therefore.

    For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider.  Please cross check information from other sources too. Reference: link

  • Sumanta 6:45 AM on July 13, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: , , Human breast milk, , Lactation, , , Women   

    Breast milk decrease in prediabetes 

    After the pregnancy is over many mothers face a problem of decreased breast milk production and can’t feed their newborn fully. There are various myths associated to this too. Interestingly breast milk production seems to be connected to the mothers health directly. New findings suggest that female breast during lactation can produce such huge quantity of milk with the help of a hormone connected to diabetes, i.e. insulin. Insulin is a hormone made in our pancreas, which plays role in introducing protein, fat and carbohydrate in the breast milk since it has anabolic role (i.e. storage type role, insulin stores fat, protein and sugar instead of degrading them).

    Therefore, if a women is prediabetic her insulin function will be abnormal hence the amount of breast milk produced might decrease too. So if the prediabetes is taken care of in time, nourishing the baby might not be a problem. Simple steps of diet and exercise may ease the situation a lot. Even if you have diabetes don’t self medicate yourself since diabetic drugs are harmful for the baby and only a specific one is used henceforth, approach to a doctor to seek expert help.
    A baby having milk from a bottle.

    Please cross check information from other sources too. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. References: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_138459.html

  • Sumanta 8:45 AM on June 23, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: Adolescence, , , , Hearing loss, , , Women   

    Did your mom smoke when you were in? 

    Many women don’t take their doctor’s advice seriously and continue to smoke in their pregnancy. Common problems that occur if  the mother smokes or gets exposed to some other individuals regular smoking during pregnancy are miscarriage, sudden death of an infant (called SIDS), baby born with low birth weight etc. Now the list of health side effects seem to be increasing and according to a new finding the effects of smoking in pregnancy can be seen even in our adolescence.

    Many teens today have hearing loss (may be in small amount) which may be due to their mothers smoking habit when they were in the womb. Smoking by mothers may cause some amount of hearing loss to their child in their adolescence. For those who are already affected by such hearing loss, probably the events can’t be reversed in their life time but those who are pregnant now or planning to get pregnant in future can surely take concrete steps to avoid all sort of smoke exposure to the life they are carrying in their womb.

    New scientific findings are probably focusing on the fact that many of our health related sufferings have started before we are actually born. We can try to do our best as humans to safeguard our future generations by little bit of discipline and access to appropriate health informations. Therefore a pregnancy should always be guided by a certified doctor and adhering to their advice. Pregnancy is probably a type of responsibility to be carried out with respect and with care for the sake of the unborn.

    Other pregnancy related items can be found at the following link: PREGNANCY 


    Please cross check information from other sources too. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. Reference: http://archotol.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1699728
  • Sumanta 7:54 AM on June 20, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: , , Pollution, , Women   

    Autism and Pregnancy site 

    Which is a perfect place for a pregnant woman, polluted urban areas or clean pollution free rural/urban areas? Common sense, probably pollution free places are good. Why breaking this topic today, it is not unknown to anybody that pollution if bad for human health. Well a new association has been found between pollution and autism. Studies show that spending the pregnancy months in smoggy polluted areas can be linked with autism of the newborn (although the risk seems to be low). So planning a vacation during pregnancy months away from major polluted cities may be wise, although might not be possible  always.

    English: Smokestacks from a wartime production...

    For other autism related posts please try this link: autismPlease cross check information from other sources too. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. Reference:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_137915.html

    • Ann Kilter 8:07 AM on June 20, 2013 Permalink | Log in to Reply

      I’ve often thought that pollution has something to do with autism.


      • Dr. Sumanta Saha 12:11 PM on June 20, 2013 Permalink | Log in to Reply

        Hi Ann,
        Welcome to Health & Happiness! blog.
        Yes pollution probably have links with a huge list of diseases these days, primarily with cancers. Since the diversity of types of pollutants are increasing, the number of diseases associated to those are too rising. Now a days we hear a lot about pesticides use which are also a type of pollutant of our crops and all over the world willingly or unwillingly we are exposed to these pollutants.
        Anyway, thanks Ann!


  • Sumanta 5:17 PM on April 28, 2013 Permalink |
    Tags: Amenorrhea, , , , prolactin, Women   

    Prolactin and menses 

    Before we penetrate deep in the topic lets look into what are the meanings of term ‘amenorrhea’ and ‘prolactin’ (briefings only, will not bore you opening a medical encyclopedia). Amenorrhea is a condition when a female is not having menses during her reproductive years of life (i.e. between the time period of onset of menses to cessation of menses at menopause). Amenorrhea can be the primary type in which menses have never occurred and secondary type where menses were present but stopped due to some cause. That much of amenorrhea, more info on this will distort the theme of this article.

    Pituitary and pineal glands

    Pituitary and pineal glands

    Next, what is prolactin? Prolactin is a hormone secreted from anterior pituitary gland primarily responsible for producing breast milk. Now for normal menses to occur there are certain hormones made from pituitary gland called gonadotropin hormones which are controlled by another hormone called gonadotropin releasing hormones (GnRH) produced from hypothalamus. Prolactin in excess inhibits GnRH which in turn decrease gonadotropin hormones release and inhibit ovulation, hence menstrual cycle can’t take its course. One important condition where huge amount of prolactin can get secreted is a tumor of pituitary gland called prolactinoma.

    Besides pituitary tumors prolactin levels can be raised by use of certain antipsychotic drugs which are known for suppressing dopamine levels, which in turn increase the prolactin level (normal function of dopamine is to decrease prolactin level). In almost similar mechanism hypothyroidism causes amenorrhea. Hope that much of human biology was within adorable limits and didn’t complicate much!

    You may share your opinions below in the comments section. For all your health concerns please be guided by your healthcare provider. Please cross check information from other sources too.

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